Giving babies the best start for the rest of their lives...

Premature Infants Resuscitated with Air or Oxygen / PRESOX


Premature infants have immature lungs and often need assistance with breathing at birth. Resuscitation oxygen levels vary from 21% (room air) to 100% oxygen. The best percentage of oxygen to use while resuscitating premature infants is unknown. The Neonatal Resuscitation Program of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR), and other researchers have reviewed all the available evidence currently and concluded that there is insufficient evidence on the amount of oxygen concentration to use for resuscitating premature infants. .


To find out if resuscitation with 21% oxygen (the air we breathe) will result in less chronic lung disease and fewer developmental problems when compared to a higher, 60%, oxygen level.

Who to contact if you want more information

The Research Team will be contacting you regarding your interest in this study. 

You may also contact the Sharp Mary Birch Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at: 858 939-4298, or NICU Research Offices at:  858 939-4112

To contact e-mail: